Impact of Rapid Urbanization
May19

Impact of Rapid Urbanization

Urbanization Urbanization is an increase in proportion of regional population living in cities.  Urbanization is defined by the United Nations as movement of people from rural to urban areas with population growth equating to urban migration. According to WHO, one hundred years ago, 2 out of every 10 people lived in an urban area. By 1990, less than 40% of the global population lived in a city, but as of 2010, more than half of all people live in an urban area. By 2030, it is expected that 6 out of every 10 people will live in a city, and by 2050, this proportion will increase to 7 out of 10 people. 2011 census showed that only 31% of the Indian population lived in urban areas, which reflects the fact that India still largely remains a rural nation. In India urban migration is taking place but at a much slower rate than in China. According to the United Nations, the urban population of India will be less than 35% in 2020 and approximately 40% in 2030. But 40 % of Indian population translates into a substantial number of people and so, by 2030, another 225 million people will be added to the urban areas of our country. Why People Migrate from Rural to Urban Areas? Causes -Urbanization occurs when people move from rural to urban areas motivated by social and economic factors. People migrate from villages to cities in search of better employment opportunities, better education, better health care facilities, and for an overall better life. City life appears to be more vibrant and rural youth is attracted to the excitement and entertainment of city life. Effects -Urbanization impacts the environment. It leads to higher emissions of pollutants into the atmosphere, more land clearing for industries and residences, loss of biodiversity in and around the burgeoning cities.  In developing countries urbanization also leads to rise in slum areas, poor sanitation, and decrease in standard of living of the urban poor. Environmental Effects of Urbanization Urban population’s consumption pattern of energy, water, and land is quite different from the rural population. They consume more of all the resources – energy, food, water etc. therefore, cause more environmental pollution too. This polluted urban environment later affects their health and the quality of their life. Understanding why this happens and how it can be minimized can help the urban population lead a better life. Urban energy consumption for electricity, transportation, cooking, and heating/cooling is much higher in urban areas than rural areas. For example, there are more cars in urban areas than in rural areas. The same holds true for public transport system, LPG gas,...

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Architectural Initiatives taken for Homes
May17

Architectural Initiatives taken for Homes

Initiatives taken by Architects to bring long term value to homes for end users  The real estate industry, augmented by the economic boom in India post 1990’s after the government introduced economic reforms and MNCs started their operations in India, is today the second largest employment generation sector and contributes about 6.3 per cent to India’s gross domestic product (GDP). The future holds substantial growth opportunities in this sector with the advent of global real estate players in India. In addition, demands of emerging urban populace created a strong influx of modern lifestyle with the integration of diverse Indian culture. Advanced design and engineering trends are being adopted by the industry to set forth better standards of living to achieve long term value for end users. Real Estate Development Property developers have envisaged this transition and fundamentally work  on a robust  model that is a gamut of  interlinked processes  of estate development  right from Land Acquisition & Liasoning ,Design & Construction, Marketing & Finance, Customer Service & Operations. Developers’ need a core team comprising of Architects, Planners, Engineers & Marketing Professionals that formulate the “Design Cell“ and showcase versatility in creating excellence spread across housing projects ranging from mid segment to luxury condominiums. A Design Cell The In- house Design Cell of a real estate firm performs the vital role in delivering the vision of a dream home to potential buyers .They have the challenging task of meeting the demands of different classes of people while at the same time incorporating contemporary and environment friendly design concepts into the structural design of the residential or commercial spaces. The Design Cell led by architects and planners whose substantial design skills and technical expertise are underpinned by exposure to people, places, and culture always come up with innovative and  futuristic concepts . With the goal of creating buildings and spaces that demonstrate a healthy community living, the design team always bears in mind that the spaces they create must enhance the quality of life of people and provide long term value to them. Design team provides the necessary inputs and acts as an interface between various departments throughout the project life cycle. Effective research and development, use of latest design technology, landscape design, green building design, selection of materials, and quality of construction are some of the things that are taken care of by the design team to create great designs and meaningful architecture. Let us briefly go through the steps followed by the architectural team. R&D – Formation of design brief is developed by carrying out in-depth analysis of demographics and socio – economic surveys and inputs derived by the...

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Rainwater Harvesting Future
Feb06

Rainwater Harvesting Future

The national capital territory, (NCT), of Delhi receives 611 mm of rainfall on an average annually and the number of rain days is as low as 20-30. (A rainy day is specified as a day with more than or equal to 2.5 mm of rainfall). Rain Water Harvesting is the process of collecting and storing rain water that runs off from catchments areas like roofs, pavements, roads, parks, open grounds etc. and can be collected and stored as surface storage in tanks or can be used to recharge the ground water table. Water is no longer an abundant natural resource and saving water to meet the growing demand can be very effectively met in the residential apartments in Delhi NCR for multiple purposes, such as water for landscape irrigation. In the housing sector, new apartments are growing all over the city at a booming rate. A very high demand is in place on the city’s infrastructure such as water sewage, storm water drains and roads. Careful designing and investment on sustainable technologies by apartment owners can have access to supplementary water supply requirements. This design helps in many ways such as better management of floods and reducing pollution on a large scale. Thus apartments can become self-sufficient and preserve groundwater resources. Rain is a primary source of water in various areas where emphasis is put on increasing groundwater recharge and managing storm water. There are two main techniques of rainwater harvesting which can be used in apartments in Delhi NCR: • Ground rainwater harvesting system: Artificial recharge or ground water rainwater harvesting is a process by which the ground water reservoir is augmented at a rate exceeding that obtaining under natural conditions or replenishment. Any man-made scheme or facility that adds water to an aquifer may be considered to be an artificial recharge system. • Rooftop rainwater harvesting system: In rooftop harvesting, the roof becomes the catchments, and the rainwater is collected from the roof of the house/building. Rainwater from roof or trace is transported using PVC gutters. These gutters will be connected to filter using down-pipes. Rainwater storage tanks collect all filtered rainwater and keep it for future use. The tank is placed on a small platform about 18 inches high and a tap is attached to it at the bottom. This makes it easy to collect water in a bucket. The costs of rainwater harvesting would be comparatively less if the rainwater harvesting system were incorporated during the construction of the building itself. The cost of the equipment you install will cost you less as compared to the water you save. Rainwater Harvesting is a very significant...

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Precast Technology
Feb03

Precast Technology

Introducing Precast Technology The concept of precast (also known as “prefabricated”) construction includes those buildings where the majority of structural components are standardized and produced in plants in a location away from the building, and then transported to the site for assembly. These components are manufactured by industrial methods based on mass production in order to build large number of buildings in a short time span and at a low cost along with the division and specialization of the human workforce The use of tools, machinery, and other equipment, usually automated, in the production of standard, interchangeable parts and products This type of construction requires a restructuring of the entire conventional construction process to enable interaction between the design phase and production planning in order to improve and speed up the construction. One of the key premises for achieving that objective is to design buildings with a regular configuration in plan and elevation. The Cast-in-Situ technique takes long time to construct a building, therefore the overall cost of construction rises which ultimately escalates the price of the property. Prefabricated technologies can be a solution to this problem. A recent prefabricated 10 storied construction in Mohali, exactly built in 48 hours can be a beacon of hope to developers who wants to experiment prefabricated technologies to deliver on time and within budgets. The primary cost benefits of prefabricated structures derive from the speed of prefabricated buildings to be erected at a fraction of the time than a conventional building. These time savings contribute to lower interest during construction and have the advantage of commencing activities far earlier. Further because of mechanization the raw material is optimized which further reduces the material cost of the building. Though prefab materials are 15-20% expensive than the traditional ones, higher efficiency and less wastage and minimal labour requirements can bring down the overall cost substantially for large buildings. They also eliminate the need for auxiliary activities such as plastering, electrical wiring and plumbing as these are done at the casting stage itself. The use of prefab techniques can also result in better cost efficiencies over the life span of the buildings. Some commonly used prefab materials include steel frames for structures, panels made of wood, cement / concrete, gypsum and other materials for floors, walls and ceilings, factory-made doors, windows and ventilators. Prefab construction also improves the quality of the building drastically. Usually, pre-engineered or pre-fabricated houses show better performance, as factory- or assembly-line-produced homes are manufactured to stricter norms. Such building solutions use cutting edge technology and reduce the number of manufacturing defects given the strong quality checks that can be put in...

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